Setup domain in Apache server on DigitalOcean Cloud

I am trying to set-up a domain in Apache on DigitalOcean and summaries this information after complete the task for my future reference. If this information helps other, it will be my pleasure to know that on a comment. 😉

BTW, You can host as many (multiple) domains as you want by following this steps.

 

#Step 1: go to by

cd /etc/apache2/sites-available

#Step 2: copy default configuration file, in my case I was configuring my site skpaul.me

sudo cp 000-default.conf skpaul.me.conf

#Step 3: Open the file skpaul.me.conf

sudo nano skpaul.me.conf

#Step 4: Update following information in the open file, you you can copy below configuration and update as you needed.

<VirtualHost *:80>

ServerAdmin hello@skpaul.me

DocumentRoot /var/www/html/skpaul
ServerName skpaul.me
ServerAlias http://www.skpaul.me

ErrorLog //var/www/html/skpaul/logs/error.log

# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
# alert, emerg.
LogLevel warn

CustomLog /var/www/html/skpaul/logs/access.log combined

</VirtualHost>

save the file

#Step 5: create a symlink to site-enable folder

sudo a2ensite skpaul.me.conf

#Step 6: restart the server

sudo service apache2 restart

You are done, now check your site from browser.

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Send email using Gmail SMTP in Laravel 5.*

Hi there, hope you are not in trouble with your application email sending feature. I am using mailtrap.io for email testing on the development server. It is good, but one problem is all email are going mailtrap’s Demo inbox, not to users individual email. And my client wants to check all email templates and functionality on the development server, with various emails and here I need to look for an alternative solution. By the way, I am using Laravel’s default email function.

So, here is the process that I follow and hope it will help you too. Don’t worry it’s simple.

Step – 1: Update the google account permission for allowing access less secure (third party) apps.

  • Go to your Google account dashboard by clicking on this link https://myaccount.google.com/security#connectedapps  or My Account button on Gmail
  • And take a look at the Sign-in & security -> Connected apps & sites -> Allow less secure apps settings.
  • You must turn the option “Allow less secure apps” ON.

Step – 2: First open .env file and update email setting parameters

MAIL_DRIVER=smtp
MAIL_HOST=smtp.gmail.com
MAIL_PORT=587
MAIL_USERNAME=your-email@gmail.com
MAIL_PASSWORD=password
MAIL_ENCRYPTION=tls

Look at the PORT and ENCRYPTION, I use 587 and tls (Transport Layer Security) respectively. Try to maintain this configuration, otherwise you will get the error. Though both are used as default in configuration (config/mail.php) file.

Step – 3:  If you get any exception error regarding OpenSSL certificate. Then you need to add following code to mail configuration file. Open mail.php file located in config/mail.php and add following code. In my case, I added at the bottom.

// send email locally – only for development server, do not use it on production server

‘stream’ => [
‘ssl’ => [
‘allow_self_signed’ => true,
‘verify_peer’ => false,
‘verify_peer_name’ => false,
],
],

Note: It is suggested, not to use this configuration on your production server, because of security purpose.

 

I am really glad if this information is helping anyone. So, let me know your feedback or any alternative way/solution you know for this issue.

I would glad to help you, please ping me at me[at]skpaul[dot]me if you need any support.

External API calling in Laravel by Guzzle Package

Recently I am working on a project that need to access some external API. And it’s a Laravel project, so I am looking for some package that can save my time and meet the deadline too.

 

I am using GuzzleHttp package for accessing external API and its really easy

 

Installation:

composer require guzzlehttp/guzzle:~6.0

Uses:
on your controller file just put before your class ClassName

use GuzzleHttp\Client;

 

Now call this Guzzle Client in your method

//create an instance of Client wiht base url of the API

$client = new Client(['base_uri' => 'http:127.0.0.1/path/to/api/']);

// Send a GET request to http:127.0.0.1/path/to/api/ 
// and method name is apiName 
// with api authentication (username and password)
$response = $client->request('GET', apiName', [
                 'auth' => ['username', 'password']
                 ]);

// check the response by

dd($response);

// Get the response status code

dd($response->getStatusCode());

// Get the response phase
dd($response->getReasonPhrase());

// Get all/full header
dd($response->getHeaders());

// Get specific specific entity of header, 
// here we retrive content-type
dd($response->getHeader('content-type'));

// Get api content. it return the main content the we need

dd($response->getBody()->getContents());

 

this post will continue as i go with this Guzzle package..

 

Repository – https://github.com/guzzle/guzzle

and here is the main document – http://docs.guzzlephp.org/en/latest/

 

Set XSRF(/CSRF) Token Globally or TokenMismatchException in Laravel 5.* (for AJAX)

Very easy (পানির লাহান) 🙂

STEP – 1:

First we have to ad a meta tag (name=”_token”) in header

<meta name=”_token” content=”{{ csrf_token() }}” />

STEP – 2:

Then add below jQuery snippet before the </body> tag. Basically here we setting up the csrf token globally for ajax request. And after this we don’t need to send the csrf token on every ajax call.

$(function () {
// SET UP CSRF TOKEN Globally for Ajax Request
$.ajaxSetup({
headers: {
‘X-XSRF-TOKEN’: $(‘meta[name=”_token”]’).attr(‘content’)
}
});
});

STEP – 3:

And finally we have to add a method on “appHttpMiddlewareVerifyCsrfToken.php” file. So, add the below method on VerifyCsrfToken.php

/**
* Determine if the session and input CSRF tokens match.
*
* @param IlluminateHttpRequest $request
* @return bool
*/
protected function tokensMatch($request)
{
$token = $request->session()->token();

$_token = $request->input(‘_token’);

$header = $request->header(‘X-XSRF-TOKEN’);

return StringUtils::equals($token, $_token) ||
($header && StringUtils::equals($token, $header));
}

Now check and let me know your comments. And I don’t mind, if you want to share this article with your friends/colleagues. Bcoz. Sharing’s Caring.  🙂

Laravel: php artisan commands

Here I am trying to list all Laravel PHP Artisan commands one by one for my reference and your too.

 

– To create and update table by migration

php artisan make:migration Create_Table_Name  -> create a new table

php artisan make:migration Update_Table_Name_Column_Name -> update table

php artisan make:migration Add_Column_Name_Table_Name  -> add a new column to a table

 

– To create a Controller

php artisan make:controller pathControllerName –resource

path = directory/place of the controller, i usually create controller directory wise . i.e.: site/SiteController – all site related controller will store here and admin/AdminController – all admin related controller will store here or test/TestController – all test related controller will store here.

ControllerName = Name of the controller

–resource = a parameter to create controller with default CRUD functions (index, create, store, show, edit, update, destroy)

 

– To create a Model

php artisan make:model pathModelName

path = directory/place of the model (optional). Same as controller

ControllerName = Name of the model

 

Update – Please visit skpaul.me for latest posts and updates

skpaul.me

Hi,

Greetings!!

Thanks for visiting my blog, I have open a blog (http://skpaul.me). So from now, you will get all latest posts and updates on http://skpaul.me.

 

Please take a look on my personal blog (http://skpaul.me), and let me know your comments and review.

 

Thanks in Advance

sk paul

http://skpaul.me

How to define Global Variable or Constant in Laravel

We often need to define global variables/constants for our application, like Status, Conditions, Countries (we can put all countries in table as it will be along array/object), also weekdays, weekends and e.t.c. vary on projects.

Status (Active, Inactive) and Conditions (Ok, Good, Better, Best) or Grade (F, C, D, A, A-, A+), so like these type of variables/constants,  we write same code multiple times. But if we set all of these as Global Variables then we can use these anytime, anywhere in application.

 

 

And here I am presenting how to define GLOBAL Variable/Constant in Laravel 5.2. (This is not the only way, but I like it)

  1. First create a file named constants.php on config directory
  2. And code some variables like below

return [

‘STATUS’ => [

1 => ‘Active’,

0 => ‘Inactive’

],

‘Conditions’ => [

1 => ‘Ok’,

2 => ‘Good,

3 => ‘Better,

4 => ‘Best’

 

],

‘GRADE’ => [

‘A+’ => ‘A+’,

‘A’ => ‘A’,

‘A-’ => ‘A-’,

‘B’ => ‘B’,

‘C’ => ‘C’,

‘D’ => ‘D’,

‘F’ => ‘F’

]

];

  1. Now, how can we use/access this Global Variables? Very easy, and we can also access these variables on view too.

Config::get(‘constants. STATUS’); // it will output status array.

Or, if we want a specific one element then

Config::get(‘constants. GRADE.F’); // output: F

  1. And lastly we can also set Global variable only for the current request. This will not persist.

Config::set(‘constants. Conditions.5’, ‘Not Stable’)

 

And finally – if you like this article please inspire me by posting a comment (at below) for the next article 😉 . And I don’t mind if you want to share among with your friends, bocz. Sharing’s Caring.

 

Credit: google, stackoverflow, Laravel.io, Laravel docs and etc.